NYT pikk ja väga informatiivne artikkel sellest, mis pärast Gaddafi kukutamist sai.
Vana lugu - kukutada on kerge, aga riiki pärast seda normaalsusse tagasi juhtida palju raskem. Eriti käib see ameeriklaste kohta, kes 2012. aasta alguses lihtsalt loobusid probleemiga tegelemast.
By January 2012, there was an unmistakable drumbeat of trouble.
His popularity sagging, Mr. Jibril had stepped down as transitional prime minister. A prominent Muslim scholar had accused him of guiding the nation toward a “new era of tyranny and dictatorship.” In a deal struck between two powerful militias, he was replaced by Abdurrahim el-Keib, an engineering professor who had taught for years at the University of Alabama.
On Jan. 5, Mrs. Clinton’s old friend and adviser Sidney Blumenthal emailed her with the latest in a series of behind-the-scenes reports on Libya, largely written by a retired C.I.A. officer, Tyler Drumheller, who died last year.
The memo detailed the roiling tensions between Islamists and secularists over the role of Islamic law, fighting between rival militias associated with two different towns and four visits to Mr. Keib’s office by “angry militiamen” demanding concessions.
Mr. Keib, the email said, “believes that if he does not disarm the militias and meet their demands in the next six months, there is a good chance of increased fighting among rival groups that could lead to civil war.” Mrs. Clinton forwarded the message to Mr. Sullivan, her policy aide, with a single comment: “Worrying.”
Such alarming reports might have been expected to spur action in Washington. They did not.
After Colonel Qaddafi’s fall, with minimal violence and friendly interim leadership, Libya had moved quickly off the top of the administration’s agenda. The regular situation room meetings on Libya, often including the president, simply stopped. The revolt in Syria, in the heart of the Middle East and with nearly four times Libya’s population, took center stage.
Libya, Mr. Ross said, “was farmed out to the working level.”
The inattention was not just neglect. It was policy.
“The president was like, ‘We are not looking to do another Iraq,’” said Derek Chollet, then handling Libya for the National Security Council. “And by the way, the Europeans were all along saying: ‘No, no, no, we’re doing this. We got it. We believe in Libya. This is in our neighborhood.’”
Kapten Trumm kirjutas:
Praegu pole teada ühtegi juhtumit, kus kukutatud isevalitsuse asemele oleks tekkinud meie mõistes normaalne riik.
Muidugi on, alusta kasvõi Prantsusmaast. Ainult et see võtab aega, kui selle kallal süstemaatiliselt tööd ei tehta. Mida Araabia maade diktaatorite alt vabastatud maades väga kahjuks tõesti ei ole tehtud.
Õnnelikum näide on Rumeenia revolutsioon, mis lõppes Ceaușescu mahalaskmisega.
Teiseks, neid "meie mõistes normaalseid riike" on maailmas üldse väga vähe. Mitmes neist kaotas diktaator II maailmasõja ja normaalsus ehitati pärast seda üles. Siis olid riigid ja ühiskonnad ka varemeis, ainult et kukutamise asemel oli sõda. Nii et valim on liiga väike, et otseselt kukutamise kohta seaduspärasusi tuletada.